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Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park


If you are planning a safari trip to Southern Africa be sure to consider the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park (GLTP) for a life-changing visit. GLTP straddles the borders of Mozambique, South Africa and Zimbabwe and joins some of the most established wildlife areas in southern Africa into a huge conservation area of 37 572km² (± the size of the Netherlands). This forms the core of the second-phase transfrontier conservation area (TFCA), measuring almost 100 000km² - the world's greatest animal kingdom. 


The larger transfrontier conservation area  includes Banhine and Zinave national parks, the Massingir and Corumana areas and interlinking regions in Mozambique, as well as private and state-owned conservation areas in South Africa and Zimbabwe bordering on the transfrontier park.

Sources: wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Limpopo_Transfrontier_Park & peaceparks.org/tfca.php

Above: Map of the Greater Limpopo Frontier Park.
Image credit: By Aymatth2 (Own work) [CC0], via Wikimedia Commons


SADC Transfrontier Conservation Areas

A major, dynamic conservation initiative – the establishment of transfrontier conservation areas (TFCAs) – is currently unfolding across the southern African region.

By supporting sustainable economic development, TFCAs will play a key role in Africa’s ecotourism development. Southern Africa’s first TFCA, the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, was formally opened on 12 May 2000 by the presidents of Botswana and South Africa. In the same year, the governments of Mozambique, South Africa and Swaziland signed five protocols on the establishment of the Lubombo Transfrontier Conservation and Resource Area. These milestones were followed by the signing of a memorandum of understanding between the governments of the Kingdom of Lesotho and South Africa on 11 June 2001, which paved the way for the establishment of the Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Conservation and Development Area. In June 2001 the governments of Mozambique and Zimbabwe signed an agreement to establish the Chimanimani TFCA in the Chimanimani Mountains.

On 9 December 2002, the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park (GLTP) was proclaimed with the signing of an international treaty at Xai-Xai, Mozambique by the heads of state of Mozambique, South Africa and Zimbabwe. As recent as 1 August 2003, a treaty on the establishment of the |Ai-|Ais/Richtersveld Transfrontier Park was signed in Windhoek by the presidents of Namibia and South Africa. Agreements to develop further transfrontier conservation areas in southern Africa are under way, with some in the final stages of development.

The establishment of transfrontier conservation areas is an exemplary process of partnerships between governments and the private sector. While the main players are the relevant governments and implementing agencies, donors and NGOs have also greatly contributed towards the creation of transfrontier parks. In the case of the GLTP entities such as the World Bank, USAID Regional Center for Southern Africa, the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development through Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau, WWF Netherlands, Novamedia, the Rufford Maurice Laing Foundation, the Dutch National Postcode Lottery, Deutsche Bank, SAFRI/DaimlerChrysler, the African Wildlife Foundation and Peace Parks Foundation have made major contributions towards creating what can be considered as the world’s greatest animal kingdom.

Source: sanparks.org/conservation/transfrontier/great_limpopo.php


Above: Elephant family. Image credit: By Maryam Laura Moazedi (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Limpopo National Park

The Limpopo National Park was born when the status of Coutada 16 Wildlife Utilisation Area in Gaza Province, Mozambique, was changed from a hunting concession to a protected area.

Limpopo is home to numerous nature reserves and parks. Besides the well-known national parks, such as the Greater Limpopo Park (Kruger National Park), Mapungubwe and Marakele, approximately 50 further provincial nature reserves exist in this exquisite province that reflect the diversity of this pristine part of the world. 

Managed by Limpopo Tourism and Parks, these nature reserves have the dual task of ecological conservation of unique destinations as well as the development of eco-tourism projects in co-operation with the respective local communities.

The Park is now part of the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park, a peace park that links Kruger National Park with the Gonarezhou National Park in Zimbabwe, and with the Limpopo National Park in Mozambique.   

Where to stay

Limpopo offers a large number of accommodation options. The facilities at the numerous accommodations in South Africa's most northern province vary, ranging from rustic camps and chalets close to nature, to very luxurious establishments.

Camping sites, bed & breakfast establishments, self-catering chalets, holiday resorts, game lodges and hotels are some of the facilities available in the Limpopo province.

Visit the Limpopo Tourism Agency's website for more information.

Sources: wikipedia.org/wiki/Limpopo_National_Park & 
peaceparks.co.za/Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park Attractions & golimpopo.com/parks

Kruger National Park

Established in 1926, the Kruger National Park is one of the largest game reserves in Africa. It covers an area of 19,485 square kilometres (7,523 sq mi) in the provinces of Limpopo and Mpumalanga in northeastern South Africa, and extends 360 kilometres (220 mi) from north to south and 65 kilometres (40 mi) from east to west.

To the west and south of the Kruger National Park are the two South African provinces of Limpopo and Mpumalanga. In the north is Zimbabwe, and to the east is Mozambique. It is now part of the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park, a peace park that links Kruger National Park with the Gonarezhou National Park in Zimbabwe, and with the Limpopo National Park in Mozambique.

The park is part of the Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Region, an area designated by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as an International Man and Biosphere Reserve (the "Biosphere").

Where to stay

The Kruger National Park has 21 rest camps, as well as 2 private lodge concessions, and 15 designated private safari lodges. The concessions are parcels of land operated by private companies in partnership with communities, who outsource the operation of private lodges. 

Camping in the park has become popular with tourists and backpackers because it is much less expensive, and open to anyone, requiring no special permission to partake.

Visit the South African National Parks (SANParks) website for more information.

Sources: wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Limpopo_Transfrontier_Park & 
peaceparks.co.za/Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park Attractions

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